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Ducati Scrambler 800 - Service manual > Refitting the cylinder/piston assembly

Engine / Cylinder/piston assembly / Refitting the cylinder/piston assembly

If new parts are used, it is necessary to match cylinders and pistons of the same selection.

The letter that indicates the cylinder selection is punched on its upper side, in the cylinder-head coupling surface; the letter that indicates the piston selection is punched on its crown, between the two valve recesses.

Cylinder/piston assembly

If the pistons have been separated from their cylinders, before reassembling these components, position the piston ring gaps at 120º from one another (the markings must always face the piston crown).

Using a universal tool, gently insert the piston in the cylinder (lubricate the cylinder inner side with engine oil before inserting the piston).

Cylinder/piston assembly

Remove any deposits and degrease the contact surfaces of the crankcase half and the cylinders.

Check that pin (1) is installed on the engine block.

Cylinder/piston assembly

Apply a layer of sealing compound on the gasket (8) contact surface, as required for the vertical cylinder (V) and the horizontal cylinder (O).

The sides touching gasket (6) are:

Side touching the vertical cylinder.
Side touching the casing near the vertical cylinder.
Side touching the horizontal cylinder.
Side touching the casing near the horizontal cylinder.

Position gasket (8) on the casing with the "TOP" wiring facing up.

Cylinder/piston assembly

Overhauling the cylinder/piston components

Overhauling the cylinder

Check that the walls of the cylinder are perfectly smooth. Measure the cylinder diameter at three different heights and in two directions at 90º between them to obtain the coupling, tape and ovality value.

Cylinder/piston assembly

In the event of damage or excessive wear the cylinder must be replaced as it has a silicon carbide coating (which provides the cylinder walls with excellent anti-friction and anti-wear properties) and therefore cannot be ground.

The cylinders are marked with a letter (stamped in a specific area on the cylinder side) indicating their size class.

Always match cylinders with pistons from the same size class.

Cylinder/piston assembly

Cylinder/piston assembly

Overhauling the piston

Cylinder/piston assembly

Clean the piston crown and piston ring grooves, removing any carbon deposits.

Visually inspect the piston and check its dimensions carefully: there must be no signs of scuffing, scoring, cracks, or other damage.

Check the piston diameter.

Cylinder/piston assembly

The pistons must always be replaced as a pair.

Piston - cylinder coupling

The pistons are marked with a letter (punched into the piston crown) that indicates the size class to which they belong.

Always match cylinders with pistons from the same size class.

Cylinder/piston assembly

Overhauling the gudgeon pins

Gudgeon pins must be perfectly smooth without signs of scoring, steps, or blueing due to overheating.

The well-lubricated gudgeon pin must slide smoothly inside the piston without stiffness.

The clearance upon fitting must be 0.002÷0.008 mm.

The maximum permissible wear limit is 0.035 mm.

If a new gudgeon pin is fitted, you must also change the connecting rod small end bush.

Cylinder/piston assembly

Overhauling the piston rings

The piston rings must not show any signs of scuffing or scoring. Spare pistons are supplied complete with piston rings and gudgeon pin.

Cylinder/piston assembly

Piston ring-grooves coupling

The maximum permissible wear limit is 0.15 mm for the upper ring (1st) and 0.10 mm for the others (2nd and oil scraper ring).

Note The piston rings must always be fitted with markings facing upwards.

Piston-gudgeon pin coupling

Measure the piston ring gap.

Upper and intermediate ring (nominal): 0.20÷0.40 mm.

Wear limit: 0.80 mm.

Oil scraper ring (nominal): 0.30÷0.60 mm.

Wear limit: 1.0 mm.

See also:

 Ducati Scrambler 800 - Service manual > Cylinder/piston assembly

 Ducati Scrambler 800 - Service manual > Removing the cylinder/piston assembly

Remove the engine from the frame (Removing the engine). Remove the heads (Removing the engine heads) Slide out of the cylinder surface the pin (1), bushings (2) and head gasket (3).

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